Dr. Leigh Johnson-Migalski provides a description of teleology from an Adlerian perspective, which sees individuals always moving towards a goal. These goals can be conscious or nonconscious goals.
Psychology of use was Adler’s view that behavior is understood in terms of the use the person puts in. This is not necessarily the traits in which the individual is assumed to have, but the way they make use of their opportunities and capacities.
The growth model is finding a way to overcome. It can be a positive or a negative, but Adlerians try to use it as a way of encouragement and overcoming obstacles that people might come into.
Adler believes that a person is both the artist and the artwork, meaning he creates his own life. It is what we have learned, plus our own reality, and how we are able to interpret it and use it to help the greater good. There is a different way each individual looks at things, and Adler believes that using creativity allows all of us to have hope in helping one another.
Phenomenology is the subjective perception from one’s experience from his or her reality. This is how the person sees the world and what their perception is of the world around them.
Counselors have the ability and responsibility to help effect social change within the community. We must respect the uniqueness of each individual, by understanding their culture, and their experiences. Then, we must help them develop into a person that they want to become as an individual. It is bringing Adlerian principles into the counseling session, but also those actions and work into the community around us.
There are 5 main components that create the Adlerian Philosophy. These include: socially embedded, self-determined and creative, goal directed/teleological, growth model/striving for significance, and holism. Adler believes that the more we are connected with individuals and contributing to the welfare of others, the healthier we are as an individual. It is the psychology for everyone.