Adlerian Theory of Human Development
There are several Adlerian scholars who have written specifically on the topic of child (Dinkmeyer, 1965) and adolescent (Manaster, 1989) development. These authors, as well as other Adlerian scholars and practitioners, ascribe to idiographic principles of development, rather than nomothetic laws. They rely on well established theories of human development as the framework to understand the realm of age appropriate functional behavior. However, within this framework, Adlerians treat all children as capable and responsible. The importance of this approach in fostering development is summarized by Goethe: "If we treat people as if they were what they ought to be we will help them to become what they are capable of being." From an Adlerian perspective it is more important to understand the unique context of the child when conceptualizing development, rather then rely on specific stages or tasks in development. References Manaster, G. (1989). Adolescent development: A psychological interpretation. Itasca, IL: F.E. Peacock. Dinkmeyer, D. C. (1965). Child development: The emerging self. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.